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La 2ème Guerre Mondiale – Article écrit en Anglais

The second world war was the deadliest conflict in human history killing between 55 and 60 million people. This worldwide conflict saw the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Greece, The Netherlands, The Union of South Africa, Norway, Germany and Brazil , hungary, romania, bulgaria, croatia, and slovakia.

europe before ww2

The start of ww2

Prior to the start of ww2 , germany had annexed austria and invaded czechlovakia . Britan and france thought nothing about it and allowed germany to do what it wanted.But germany went way too far as wanting to invade poland and the whole entire world .France and great britan declare war on germany , beginning the second world war.Germany and the soviet union invade poland on september the 1st and france and britan do nothing except a few dramatic sea clashes.

timeline

1939

September 1:Nazis invade Poland

September 3: Britian,France,New Zealand,and Australia declare war on Germany

September 10:Canada declares war on Germany

September 17:Soviets invade Poland

september 29:Nazis and Soviets divide Poland

november 8:Assasination try on hitler fails

november 30:Soviets attack finland

1940

march 12 :finland signs peace treaty with soviets

april 9:nazis invade denmark and norway

may 10:nazis invade france,belgium,luxemborg,and the netherlands;winston churchill becomes british prime minister

may 15:the netherlands surrender to nazis

may 26:evacuation of allied troops from dunkirk begins

june 14: germans enter paris

june 16:marshal pétain becomes french prime minister

18 juin: Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich; Soviets begin occupation of the Baltic States

22 juin:france signs an armistice with nazi germany

23 juin:hitler tours paris

juillet 10:battle of britan begins

juillet 23:soviets take lithuania,latvia and estonia

august 3-19:italians occupy british somaliland in east africa

august 15:air battles and daylight raids over britan

august 17:hitler declares a blockade of the british isles

september 3:hitler plans operation sea lion ( the invasion of britan )

september 13:italians invade egypt

september 27:tripartite ( axis ) pact signed by germany,italy and japan

october 7:german troops enter romania

october 12:germans postpone operation sea lion until the spring of 1941

october 28:italy invades greece

november 20:hungary joins the axis powers

november 22:greeks defeat the italian 9th army

november 23:romania joins the axis powers

december 9/10:british begin a western desert offensive in north africa against the italians

1941

january 22:tobruk in north africa falls to the british and australians

febuary 11:british forces advance into italian somaliland in east africa

febuary 14: first units of germam ‘afrika korps’ arrive in north africa

march 7:british forces arrive in greece

march 11:president roosevelt signs the lend-lease act

april 3:pro-axis regime set up in iraq

april 6:nazis invade greece and yugoslavia

april 17:yugoslavia surrenders to the nazis

april 27:greece surrenders to the nazis

may 1:german attack on tobruk is repulsed

may 10: deputy fuhrer rudolph hess flies to scotland

may 10/11:heavy german bombing on london ; british bomb hamburg

may 15:operation brevity begins(the british counter-attack in egypt)

june 4:pro-allied government installed in iraq

june 8:allies invade syria and lebanon

june 14:united states freezes german and italian assets in america

june 22:germany attacks the soviet union as operation barbarossa begins

june 28:germans capture minsk

july 3:stalin calls for a scorched earth policy

july 10:germans cross the river dneiper in the ukraine

july 12:mutual assistance agreement between british and soviets

july 14:british occupy syria

july 26:roosevelt freezes japanese assets in the united states and suspends relations

august 1:united states announces an oil embargo against agressor states

august 20:nazi siege of leningrad begins

september 1:nazis order jews to wear yellow stars

september 3:first experimental use of gas chambers at auschwitz

september 19:nazis take kiev

september 29:nazis murder 33 771 jews at kiev

october 2:operation typhoon begins ( german advance on moscow)

october 16:germans take odessa

october 24:germans take kharkov

october 30:germans reach sevastopol

november 20:germans take rostov

november 27:soviet troops retake rostov

december 5:german attack on moscow is abandonned

december 6:soviet army launches a major counter-offensive around moscow

december 7:japenese bomb pearl harbor

december 8:united states and britian declare war on japan

december 11:hitler declares war on the united states

december 16:rommel begins a retreat to El agheila in north africa

december 19:hitler takes complete control of the german army

1942

january 1:declaration of the united nations signed by 26 allied nations

january 13:germans begin a U-boat offensive along the east coast of the usa

january 21: Rommel’s counter-offensive from El Agheila begins

january 26: First American forces arrive in Great Britain

april 23: German air raids begin against cathedral cities in Britain

may 8: German summer offensive begins in the Crimea

may 26: Rommel begins an offensive against the Gazala Line

may 27: SS Leader Heydrich attacked in Prague

may 30: First thousand-bomber British air raid (against Cologne)

in june: Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at Auschwitz.

june 4: Heydrich dies of wounds

june 5: Germans besiege Sevastopol

june 10:nazis liquidate lidice in reprisal for heydrich being assasinated

june 21: Rommel captures Tobruk

june 25: General Dwight D. Eisenhower arrives in London

june 30: Rommel reaches El Alamein near Cairo, Egypt

july 1-30: First Battle of El Alamein

july 3: Germans take Sevastopol

july 5: Soviet resistance in the Crimea ends

july 9: Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the USSR

july 22: First deportations from the Warsaw Ghetto to concentration camps; Treblinka extermination camp opened

august 7: British General Bernard Montgomery takes command of Eighth Army in North Africa

august 12: Stalin and Churchill meet in Moscow

august 17: First all-American air attack in Europe

august 23: Massive German air raid on Stalingrad

september 2: Rommel driven back by Montgomery in the Battle of Alam Halfa

september 13: Battle of Stalingrad begins.

october 18: Hitler orders the execution of all captured British commandos

november 1:operation supercharge (allies break axis lines at el alamein)begins

november 8: Operation Torch begins (U.S. invasion of North Africa)

november 11: Germans and Italians invade unoccupied Vichy France

november 19: Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad begins

december 2: Professor Enrico Fermi sets up an atomic reactor in Chicago

december 13: Rommel withdraws from El Agheila

december 16: Soviets defeat Italian troops on the River Don in the USSR

december 17: British Foreign Secretary Eden tells the British House of Commons of mass executions of Jews by Nazis; U.S. declares those crimes will be avenged

december 31: Battle of the Barents Sea between German and British ships

1943

january 2/3: Germans begin a withdrawal from the Caucasus

january 10: Soviets begin an offensive against the Germans in Stalingrad

january 14-24:  Casablanca conference between Churchill and Roosevelt. During the conference, Roosevelt announces the war can end only with “unconditional German surrender.”

january 23: Montgomery’s Eighth Army takes Tripoli

january 27: First bombing raid by Americans on Germany (at Wilhelmshaven)

february 2: Germans surrender at Stalingrad in the first big defeat of Hitler’s armies

february 8: Soviet troops take Kursk

february 14-25: Battle of Kasserine Pass between the U.S. 1st Armored Division and German Panzers in North Africa

february 16: Soviets re-take Kharkov

february 18: Nazis arrest White Rose resistance leaders in Munich

march 2: Germans begin a withdrawal from Tunisia, Africa

march 15: Germans re-capture Kharkov

march 16-20: Battle of Atlantic climaxes with 27 merchant ships sunk by German U-boats

march 20-28: Montgomery’s Eighth Army breaks through the Mareth Line in Tunisia

april 6/7: Axis forces in Tunisia begin a withdrawal toward Enfidaville as American and British forces link

may 7: Allies take Tunisia

may 13: German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa

may 16/17: British air raid on the Ruhr

may 22: Dönitz suspends U-boat operations in the North Atlantic

june 10: ‘Pointblank’ directive to improve Allied bombing strategy issued

june 11: Himmler orders the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland

july 5: Germans begin their last offensive against Kursk

july 9/10: Allies land in Sicily

july 19: Allies bomb Rome

july 22: Americans capture Palermo, Sicily

july 24: British bombing raid on Hamburg

july 25/26: Mussolini arrested and the Italian Fascist government falls; Marshal Pietro Badoglio takes over and negotiates with Allies

july 27/28: Allied air raid causes a firestorm in Hamburg

august 12-17: Germans evacuate Sicily

august 17: American daylight air raids on Regensburg and Schweinfurt in Germany; Allies reach Messina, Sicily

august 23: Soviet troops recapture Kharkov

september 8: Italian surrender to Allies is announced

september 9: Allied landings at Salerno and Taranto

september 11: Germans occupy Rome

september 12: Germans rescue Mussolini

september 23: Mussolini re-establishes a Fascist government

october 1: Allies enter Naples, Italy

october 13: Italy declares war on Germany; Second American air raid on Schweinfurt

november 6: Russians recapture Kiev in the Ukraine

november 18: Large British air raid on Berlin

november 28: Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Teheran

december 24-26: Soviets launch offensives on the Ukrainian front

1944

january 6: Soviet troops advance into Poland

january 17: First attack toward Cassino, Italy

january 22: Allies land at Anzio in Italy

january 27: Leningrad relieved after a 900-day siege

february 15-18: Allies bomb the monastery at Monte Cassino

february 16:Germans counter-attack against the Anzio beachhead.

march 4: Soviet troops begin an offensive on the Belorussian front; First major daylight bombing raid on Berlin by the Allies

march 15: Second Allied attempt to capture Monte Cassino begins

march 18: British drop 3000 tons of bombs during an air raid on Hamburg, Germany

april 8: Soviet troops begin an offensive to liberate Crimea

may 9: Soviet troops recapture Sevastopol

may 11: Allies attack the Gustav Line south of Rome

may 12: Germans surrender in the Crimea

may 15: Germans withdraw to the Adolf Hitler Line

may 25: Germans retreat from Anzio

june 5: Allies enter Rome

june 6:  D-Day landings on the northern coast of France

june 9: Soviet offensive against the Finnish front begins

june 10:Nazis liquidate the town of Oradour-sur-Glane in France

june 13:First German V-1 rocket attack on Britain

june 22: Operation Bagration begins (the Soviet summer offensive)

june 27: U.S. troops liberate Cherbourg, France

july 3: ‘Battle of the Hedgerows’ in Normandy; Soviets capture Minsk

july 9: British and Canadian troops capture Caen, France

july 18: U.S. troops reach St. Lô, France

july 20: Assassination attempt by German Army officers against Hitler fails

july 24: Soviet troops liberate first concentration camp at Majdanek

july 25-30: Operation Cobra (U.S. troops break out west of St. Lô)

july 28: Soviet troops take Brest-Litovsk. U.S. troops take Coutances

august 1: Polish Home Army uprising against Nazis in Warsaw begins; U.S. troops reach Avranches

august 4: Anne Frank and family arrested by the Gestapo in Amsterdam, Holland

august 7: Germans begin a major counter-attack toward Avranches

august 15: Operation Dragoon begins (the Allied invasion of Southern France)

august 19: Resistance uprising in Paris

august 19/20: Soviet offensive in the Balkans begins with an attack on Romania

august 20:Allies encircle Germans in the Falaise Pocket

august 25:Liberation of Paris

august 29:Slovak uprising begins

august 31: Soviet troops take Bucharest

september 1-4: Verdun, Dieppe, Artois, Rouen, Abbeville, Antwerp and Brussels liberated by Allies.

september 4: Finland and the Soviet Union agree to a cease-fire

september 13: U.S. troops reach the Siegfried Line in western Germany

september 17: Operation Market Garden begins (Allied airborne assault on Holland)

september 26: Soviet troops occupy Estonia

october 2: Warsaw Uprising ends as the Polish Home Army surrenders to the Germans

october 10-29: Soviet troops capture Riga

october 14: Allies liberate Athens; Rommel commits suicide

october 21: Massive German surrender at Aachen, Germany

october 30: Last use of gas chambers at Auschwitz

november 20: French troops drive through the ‘Beffort Gap’ to reach the Rhine

november 24: French capture Strasbourg

december 4: Civil War in Greece; Athens placed under martial law

december 16-27: Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes

december 17: Waffen-SS murder 81 U.S. POWs at Malmedy

december 26: Patton relieves Bastogne

december 27: Soviet troops besiege Budapest

1945

january 1-17: Germans withdraw from the Ardennes

january 16: U.S. 1st and 3rd Armies link up after a month long separation during the Battle of the Bulge

january 17: Soviet troops capture Warsaw, Poland

january 26: Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz

february 4-11: Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Yalta.

february 13/14: Dresden is destroyed by a firestorm after Allied bombing raids

march 6: Last German offensive of the war begins to defend oil fields in Hungary

march 7: Allies take Cologne and establish a bridge across the Rhine at Remagen.

march 30: Soviet troops capture Danzig

april 1: U.S. troops encircle Germans in the Ruhr; Allied offensive in northern Italy.

april 12: Allies liberate Buchenwald and Belsen concentration camps; President Roosevelt dies. Harry Truman becomes President

april 16: Soviet troops begin their final attack on Berlin; Americans enter Nuremberg

april 18: German forces in the Ruhr surrender

april 21: Soviets reach Berlin

april 28: Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans; Allies take Venice

april 29: U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau.

april 30: Adolf Hitler commits suicide.

may 2: German troops in Italy surrender

may 7: Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.

may 8: V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.

may 9: Hermann Göring is captured by members of the U.S. 7th Army

may 23: SS-Reichsführer Himmler commits suicide; German High Command and Provisional Government imprisoned

june 5: Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government

june 26: United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.

july 1: American, British, and French troops move into Berlin

july 16: First U.S. atomic bomb test; Potsdam Conference begins

july 26: Atlee succeeds Churchill as British Prime Minister

august 6: First atomic bomb dropped, on Hiroshima, Japan

august 8: Soviets declares war on Japan and invade Manchuria

august 9: Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan.

august 14: Japanese agree to unconditional surrender.

september 2: Japanese sign the surrender agreement;  V-J (Victory over Japan) Day.

october 24: United Nations is born

europe after germany invading poland 1939.the left beige is for the soviet union
Europe in 1940 . Germany invades Denmark and Norway . Also Germany invades the Benelux states and France . The soviet union invades and annexes the Baltic states.
Europe in 1941 . France is divided in two,Vichy France and occupied France . Vichy France took control over colonies and was a puppet state of germany .The axis powers invaded the balkans and bulgaria with romania join them.the british invaded syria to prevent pro-axis regimes to be made.the axis invade greece and yugoslavia ,make puppet states,and annex land.
operation barbarossa at its greatest extent,1942
map of Europe , 1943.the tides turned from the axis winning to the allies winning.the soviets began to push germany back,and the allies had won the african front and made landings in sicily.
Europe 1944.the allies landed in normandy , italy surrenders to the allies but germans rescue mussolini and make northern italy their puppet state.
Europe after world war 2

thank you for reading my article

made by Mr. Nixon

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